November 14th was World Diabetes Day – I know, I missed it too.
New estimates have been released by the International Diabetes Foundation (IDF). Take a look at some troubling facts.
371 million people have diabetes and 187 million are still to be diagnosed. The undiagnosed are at higher risk for debilitating compilations that include poor circulation, heart and kidney problems and nerve damage.
By the end of 2012, it is estimated that 4.8 million people will have died from diabetes related complications. Half of these people will be under the age of 60.
471 billion dollars have been spent on diabetes in 2012, compared to 465 billion in 2011.
1 out of 3 adults with diabetes lives in the South Pacifi
1 in 4 of all diabetes deaths occur in South-East Asia.
North America spends the most healthcare dollars on diabetes.
81% of people with diabetes in Africa are undiagnosed.
As for the United States, things are getting worse. According to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the diabetes rate in Oklahoma more than tripled, and Kentucky, Georgia, and Alabama also saw dramatic increases since 1995. Several Northern states rates also doubled, including Washington, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, South Dakota, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Maine.
The disease exploded in the U.S. in the last 50 years with most of the increase happening since 1990. The vast majority results from obesity-related type 2 diabetes. In 1958, less than 1 in 100 Americans had been diagnosed with diabetes. In 2010, it was about 1 in 14.
Diabetes type 2 can be largely prevented through lifestyle modifications such as a healthy diet and exercise leading to a modest amount of weight loss. See my previous post here.