Does the Mediterranean Diet reduce the risk of developing diabetes type 2?
A new study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine suggests that it might. The Mediterranean Diet has been extensively studied for its health benefits which include reducing heart disease, cancer, dementia, hypertension and stroke risks.
Researchers studied 3,541 men and women without diabetes who ranged in age from 55 – 80 years old. They were however, at a high risk for heart disease. All participants were assigned to either a Mediterranean diet with 50 ml of extra – virgin olive oil (EVOO), a Mediterranean diet with 30 grams of mixed nuts, or a low-fat diet each day. Those consuming the Mediterranean diets were counseled by dietitians. All participants were not told to reduce their calories or to increase exercise.
After 4 years of follow-up, it was determined that 273 of the patients had developed diabetes type 2. Of these, 101 were from the low-fat group; 80 were from the Mediterranean diet with extra EVOO and 92 were from the Mediterranean diet with extra nuts. There were only slight changes in body weight, waist circumference, and physical activity between the groups.
The authors concluded: Following a Mediterranean diet is “palatable and sustainable”, therefore it could have public health implications for the prevention of diabetes.
There is no one particular Mediterranean diet, but can include diets that emphasize increased consumption of fruits and vegetables, beans and fish while decreasing consumption of red meats, processed meats, butter and sweets. A previous post of mine graphically shows how to eat a more Mediterranean-type diet. Enjoy!!