Here is an interesting study on how diet can influence gene expression and an example of a new field called Nutrigenomics. “Nutrigenomics is a branch of nutritional genomics and is the study of the effects of foods and food constituents on gene expression. This means that nutrigenomics is research focusing on identifying and understanding molecular-level interaction between nutrients and other dietary bioactives with the genome.”(Wikipedia)
Based on these results, how we eat can make a difference on genes that promote inflammation, implicated in many chronic diseases. Move over Mediterranean Diet, here comes the Nordic diet.