The influence of obesity on health is the most important aspect of the condition even though a lot of people consider appearance to be the most important. What ever the reason, it’s useful to know that our health should be the biggest concern.
Health problems associated with obesity makes up a very large list:
Type 2 diabetes, chronic inflammation, hypertension, stroke, elevated cholesterol, certain cancers, heart disease, gallbladder disease, fatty liver disease, discrimination, depression, skin disorders, sleep disorders, shortened life expectancy.
The increased risk of disease appears to be primarily due to a higher prevalence of metabolic abnormalities in many obese people. About 70% of obese people have two or more metabolic disorders such as:
- Elevated triglycerides, glucose, and/or insulin
- Low HDL-cholesterol (the “good cholesterol”)
- high C-reactive protein (a marker of inflammation)
Weight loss of 10-15% of initial body weight, paired with exercise improves physical fitness level, reduces metabolic abnormalities and the risk of disease.